Forest Health
Forest Regeneration Handbook

This handbook has been prepared to help readers develop an appreciation of how northeastern forests develop and an understanding of forest regeneration concepts, including the importance of disturbance. This information will help landowners and other land use decision-makers, in concert with professional foresters, make informed decisions about forest regeneration options tailored to their management objectives. 

Download Northeastern Forest Regeneration Handbook (2013)

Adaptive Forest Management Practices

The following items (also available in the carbon and climate change section) are about forestry designed to improve the resilience of forests to the detrimental impacts of climate change.

Adaptation Workbook for Land Managers    

Forest Adaptation Resources: climate change tools and approaches for land managers, 2nd edition

New England Forestry Foundation

The New England Forestry Foundation's (NEFF) mission is to conserve forests for future generations. As such, NEFF has  developed and partnered in a number of initiatives designed to educate, enhance, and inspire conservation, climate change mitigation, and sustainable forestry across New England. 

Visit their website!

Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station (CAES)

CAES provides CT landowners with a wealth of resources, information, and services. Landowners can take advantage of soil and tick testing and information, can access and provide samples of diseased or insect-infested plant tissues for diagnoses or identification, and can stay up-to-date on all forest health (insect, disease, invasive species, etc.) fact sheets. 

Explore their website!

Connecticut Invasive Plant Working Group (CIPWG)

CIPWG is a consortium of individuals, organizations, and agencies Concerned with invasive plant issues. Members can receive notification regarding invasive species related workshops, volunteer opportunities, and more. Stay up-to-date on invasive plants and their control. 

Visit their website!

State Lands Management

Did you know that your state owns and manages forest land for the greater good of the public? These forests are valuable resources for landowners, as they provide opportunity for recreation, research and education, and demonstration. From these forests and their foresters you can stay healthy, active, and up-to-date on current science and best management practices. Learn about what's going on in your public forest resource:

CT DEEP State Lands Management

MA Forestry on State Public Lands


Yale Experts Explain Healthy Forests

Forestry experts Dr. Mark Ashton and Dr. Joseph Orefice of Yale University in Connecticut explain the threats to forests in southern New England and the solutions we can all be a part of. 

Read their explanation


Wildlife & Habitat

Scientific Literature: Disturbance-based silviculture for habitat diversification: Effects on forest structure, dynamics and carbon storage (2020)

Thom and Keeton present a study of silvicultural treatments designed to improve and increase habitat for forest birds. These treatments, patterned after natural disturbances, were associated with greater structural diversity of the stand (which is associated with improved biodiversity and resilience to disturbance), and greater capacity for carbon storage.

Click here to read more

"Forester for the Birds" in Massachusetts

The DCR Bird Habitat Assessment Program, in partnership with MassAudubon, provides funding assistance to landowners to work with a consulting forester or other qualified professional to evaluate existing and potential habitat for a selection of birds. Learn how to improve bird habitat on your property, and even see a story map of properties that have done the work!

Check here for more information 

Take a virtual visit to MA Forester-for-the-birds Properties

"Habitat Management for Wildlife" in CT

Learn about the various initiatives in Connecticut to manage the woods for improvement of wildlife habitat.

Click here to read more

Brush Piles for Wildlife

This CT publication applies to any woodland owner throughout Southern New England who's interested in supporting and promoting wildlife populations in their woodlot. Brush piles are valuable habitat features for songbirds, small mammals, reptiles, and amphibians when natural cover is limited. They provide a great use for woody materials acquired through a timber harvest or from storm damage. 

Learn more here

Managing Forests for Trees and Birds in Connecticut

A guide to habitat assessments and silvicultural practices developed by Audubon Connecticut.

Download the PDF

Other Valuable Wildlife Resources:

Pollinator Pathway Northeast


Mass Audubon

CT DEEP Wildlife

CT Audubon Society

Audubon Connecticut

Rhode Island Fish & Wildlife

Audubon Society of Rhode Island

Forestry for the Birds

Ruffed Grouse Society, American Woodcock Society

National Wild Turkey Federation

The Young Forest Initiative

Clean Air and Water
U.S. Forest Service Forests to Faucets Assessment

Learn about the value of forests for water quality, explore important watersheds, and learn about restoring, protecting, and managing forests with water quality in mind.

Visit the website

Healthy Forests for Clean Water

This short publication by the North Carolina Forest Service contains great information about the value of forests and forest management for water quality, which is also applicable in New England.

View the publication

Forest Harvesting Best Practices for Water Quality

Managed forests are key for water quality protection, and in turn, there are some best practices for forest harvesting that should be taken to protect water quality during a harvest.

Read the Connecticut DEEP Best Management Practices for Water Quality While Harvesting Forest Products

Carbon and Climate Change

Climate Change Resource Center

The Climate Change Resource Center (CCRC) is a web-based, national platform that connects land managers and decision makers with useable science to address climate change in natural resources planning and management. The CCRC provides information about climate change impacts on forests and other ecosystems, and approaches to adaptation and mitigation in forests and grasslands. The website compiles and creates educational resources, climate change and carbon tools, video presentations, literature, and briefings on management-relevant topics, ranging from basic climate change information to details on specific management responses. The CCRC is a joint effort of Forest Service Research and Development and the Office of Sustainability and Climate.

Visit the Website

Forest Carbon: An Essential Solution for Climate Change

Paul Catanzaro and Tony D'Amato, two forestry scientists from New England, present a broad and thorough understanding of the carbon dynamics of the forest ecosystem.

Download the PDF

Forest Carbon | USFS

The USDA Forest Service is a leader in developing tools for carbon assessment, management, and forest carbon cycle science. Developed by the Climate Change Resource Center, their Carbon website provides a carbon infographic, and an overview of the carbon cycle, carbon measurement scales, equivalencies and carbon management activities. 

Visit the USFS Carbon Website

The "Adaptive Silviculture for Climate Change" Network

The Adaptive Silviculture for Climate Change (ASCC) network is led by Colorado State University and the Northern Institute for Applied Climate Science (NIACS). ASCC is a collaborative effort to establish a series of experimental silvicultural trials across a network of forest types throughout the United States and Canada. Site-specific treatments are co-developed among local scientists and natural resource professionals according to local conditions and tailored to meet site-specific management objectives, while at the same time aligned under a common framework for answering questions about how different forest types will respond to management and the future climate.

Learn about adaptive silviculture on their website

Check out this article about the ASCC installation in northern New England

The latest IPCC Report 

The IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) is the United Nations body for assessing the science related to climate change. This special report, "Climate Change and Land", was written in 2019 and discusses "climate change, desertification, land degradation, sustainable land management, food security, and greenhouse gas fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems". 

Read the IPCC report

The World Resources Institute wrote a helpful article highlighting forests in the IPCC report. It discusses forests as carbon sinks, how climate is affecting forests, and solutions including the support of indigenous peoples to steward and manage their forest resources. 

Read the WRI blog post

Climate Change Atlas

Learn how climate change is expected to effect the habitats of trees and birds in these US Forest Service publications

Visit the Climate Change Atlas

Forest Adaptation Webinar Series

Presented by the Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science & The Forest Stewards Guild, 2020.

Watch the webinar recordings here

The National Council for Air and Stream Improvement, Inc. (NCASI) Review of Carbon Implications of

Scientific publications and popular press articles have suggested that delayed or avoided forest harvest
benefits climate change mitigation through carbon sequestration and storage. Many of these articles are
based on incomplete analyses of a baseline harvest scenario compared to a set of alternative reduced or
no‐harvest scenarios. This review summarizes recent scientific literature regarding these factors and demonstrates their application using a case study on Douglas-fir forests in the US Pacific Northwest

Read the NCASI Report

The right trees for the right time:
4 webinars focused on forest resiliency amid climate change

New approaches to forest management that can help maximize ecosystem resiliency in changing climate conditions will be the focus of four talks being offered in conjunction with a recently announced project in the Hoffman Evergreen Preserve in Stonington. Sponsored by the Avalonia Land ConservancyConnecticut Sea Grant and UConn CLEAR (Center for Land Use Education & Research), these 4 talks will provide the chance to learn from experts about climate change effects on northeastern forests and strategies to enhance their ability to adapt.

  • March 10: “History of New England Forests and Climate Change"

  • April 14: “Carbon Sequestration 101” 

  • May 12: “Experimenting with Climate-Adaptive Forestry Practices: Challenges and Opportunities”

  • June 9: “Brave New Worlds for Trees: Assisted Migration and the Study of the Hoffman Preserve”

Registration is free and will be available individually for each webinar.

To learn more and to register, visit: UCONN CLEAR webinars

More Information about Forests, Carbon, and Climate Change

Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science (NIACS), a collaborative effort among the US Forest Service, universities, conservation organizations, and the forest industry to provide information on managing forests for climate change adaptation and enhanced carbon sequestration.

NIACS' Climate Change Response Framework 

NIACS' Adaptation Workbook

NOAA's State Summaries - state-level climate assessment information

Climate Science Special Report

Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Removals from Forest Land, Woodlands, and Urban Trees in US (1990-2018)


Forest Products and the Economy

New England Forestry Foundation's Build It With Wood initiative

New England Forestry Foundation’s Build It With Wood initiative works to increase the amount of engineered timber products used in new buildings, to support sustainable forestry in New England, decrease the carbon footprint and energy consumption of new buildings, and help store carbon in long-lasting wood products.

Visit their website!


Forest Products Industry Reports

Wood for Good is the UK timber industry’s wood promotion campaign. With a broad collection of case studies, courses and informative articles, they describe the many benefits of building with wood from human health and wellness to positive impacts on carbon and the climate.

Visit their website!

Forest Products Industry Reports

Northeast-Midwest Region Economic Analysis reports

Witch Hazel

Connecticut is the top producer of this yellow-flowered, widely used, skin care ingredient. Learn about its history, use, and how it's harvested from naturally growing clumps in CT forests!  CT Magazine article.

Forest Recreation

Connecticut Blue-blaze Hiking Trails

Learn about this Connecticut trail system.

Check out the interactive map!

New England Trail

The New England Trail is a 215-mile long-distance hiking trail from Long Island Sound in CT to the MA/NH border.

Visit their website!


Resources for Landowners

Forest Stewards Guild

The Forest Stewards Guild practices and promotes responsible forestry as a means of sustaining the integrity of forest ecosystems and the human communities dependent upon them. This is a membership organization that engages in education, training, policy analysis, research, and advocacy to foster stewardship, support practicing foresters and allied professionals, and engage a broader community. Landowners can participate in their workshops and educational events, engage in sponsored trainings, search for forestry-related events, and even use the website as a tool to find a forester. A great resource for landowners and professionals alike!

Visit their website!

The USFS Natural Resource Conservation Service's (NRCS) Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP)

NRCS EQIP provides financial and technical assistance to agricultural producers to address natural resource concerns and deliver environmental benefits such a as improved water and air quality, conserved ground and surface water, increased soil health and reduce erosion, and improved or created wildlife habitat, and mitigation against drought and increasing weather volatility. 

Visit this website to learn more about NRCS EQIP

Review the program fact sheet below

Ever Thought of Selling Timber?

This CT publication applies to woodland owners in Southern New England who are interested in learning more about the process of forest management. It reviews that how and why of timber sales, and can function as a guide for private forest landowners to protect their investment and care for their forest. 

Download the publication here

Southern New England Stumpage Price Report

Wondering if it's a good time to sell timber? View price reports of standing timber by species purchased each quarter from 1994 to present day. From these reports you can gain insights on market trends and make a more informed decision on when to sell your timber. 

Access stumpage reports here

Women Owning Woodlands

The Women Owning Woodlands web project strives to bring topical, accessible, and current forestry information to woodland owners and forest practitioners through news articles, blogs, events, resources, and personal stories. We support women in forest leadership, women who manage their own woodlands, and all who facilitate the stewardship of forests.

Visit the Northeast region's website

Woodland Connections for Women

Woodland Connections for Women aims to build a network of female landowners in Massachusetts and provide opportunities for education and connection. We host events throughout the year and encourage women to foster relationships with each other and their land. 

Visit the website here


Resources for Educators

Project Learning Tree

This project is a collection of trainings, curriculums, and lessons designed to help educators help students better understand our forested environment and conservation action. The project aims to help students learn how to think about complex environmental issues (not what to think). In addition to educational materials, their professional development and networking aspects are of high quality and used by thousands of educators. Check them out!


Resources for Forestry Professionals

Yankee Division Position Statement

The Yankee Division of the Society of American Foresters articulated their position on the importance of forest management for protecting our ecosystems and mitigating climate change. This document contains a wealth of scientific support for this position. It is intended to guide forest policy and decision-making as we navigate our changing environment. 

Download the Position Statement 

USFS Rooted in Research

The USDA Forest Service is delivering the latest science to support natural resource management and sustainability. Rooted in Research is the Northern Research Station's science delivery platform, with events and products tailored to natural resource professionals, partners, collaborators, and engaged citizens throughout the Northeast and Midwest. Join the monthly webinar series, taking place the first Wednesday of each month from 12:30-1:30PM. 

Access past webinar presentations and view upcoming webinars here. 

Women's Forest Congress

The Women’s Forest Congress is a forum to develop strategies and solutions for forests through a female lens. Women throughout the forest space have come together to share personal and professional experiences, connect with other women in the sector, shape the latest innovations, and consider how actions informed by the female perspective can make a profound impact on the future of forests.

Visit the website


Forestry Fact Sheets

CT DEEP: Why Manage Forests?

This two-page publication by CT DEEP about the importance of good forest management including:

  • wildlife habitat & forest health

  • pollution mitigation

  • climate change adaptation and mitigation

  • economy and recreation

Download the Printable Fact Sheet​

Download the Printable Brochure

CT DEEP: Why We Manage State Forests

Learn more about how and why Connecticut's State Forests are managed. 

Download the Fact Sheet​

CT Young Forest Initiative 

Interested in creating habitat for the 50+ wildlife species of greatest conservation need in CT? Learn more about how the Young Forest Initiative can support your efforts. 

Download the Fact Sheet​

National Forest Inventory Analysis (FIA) One-Click State Fact Sheets

The USDA Forest Service FIA program supplies annual updates that provide an overview of forest resources in each state based on their conducted inventories. 

Select your State of Interest and Download its Fact Sheet

Natural Resource Conservation Service Environmental Quality Incentives Program

Learn more about how this cost-reimbursement program can help you meet your management goals. 

Download the Fact Sheet​

Wikle_shelterwood pano.jpeg