Forest Health
Forest Regeneration Handbook

This handbook has been prepared to help readers develop an appreciation of how northeastern forests develop and an understanding of forest regeneration concepts, including the importance of disturbance. This information will help landowners and other land use decision-makers, in concert with professional foresters, make informed decisions about forest regeneration options tailored to their management objectives. 

Download Northeastern Forest Regeneration Handbook (2013)

Adaptive Forest Management Practices

The following items (also available in the carbon and climate change section) are about forestry designed to improve the resilience of forests to the detrimental impacts of climate change.

Adaptation Workbook for Land Managers    

Forest Adaptation Resources: climate change tools and approaches for land managers, 2nd edition

New England Forestry Foundation

The New England Forestry Foundation's (NEFF) mission is to conserve forests for future generations. As such, NEFF has  developed and partnered in a number of initiatives designed to educate, enhance, and inspire conservation, climate change mitigation, and sustainable forestry across New England. 

Visit their website!

Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station (CAES)

CAES provides CT landowners with a wealth of resources, information, and services. Landowners can take advantage of soil and tick testing and information, can access and provide samples of diseased or insect-infested plant tissues for diagnoses or identification, and can stay up-to-date on all forest health (insect, disease, invasive species, etc.) fact sheets. 

Explore their website!

Connecticut Invasive Plant Working Group (CIPWG)

CIPWG is a consortium of individuals, organizations, and agencies Concerned with invasive plant issues. Members can receive notification regarding invasive species related workshops, volunteer opportunities, and more. Stay up-to-date on invasive plants and their control. 

Visit their website!

State Lands Management

Did you know that your state owns and manages forest land for the greater good of the public? These forests are valuable resources for landowners, as they provide opportunity for recreation, research and education, and demonstration. From these forests and their foresters you can stay healthy, active, and up-to-date on current science and best management practices. Learn about what's going on in your public forest resource:

CT DEEP State Lands Management

MA Forestry on State Public Lands

RI DEM

Yale Experts Explain Healthy Forests

Forestry experts Dr. Mark Ashton and Dr. Joseph Orefice of Yale University in Connecticut explain the threats to forests in southern New England and the solutions we can all be a part of. 

Read their explanation

Further Forest Health Resources:

 

Wildlife & Habitat

Scientific Literature: Disturbance-based silviculture for habitat diversification: Effects on forest structure, dynamics and carbon storage (2020)

Thom and Keeton present a study of silvicultural treatments designed to improve and increase habitat for forest birds. These treatments, patterned after natural disturbances, were associated with greater structural diversity of the stand (which is associated with improved biodiversity and resilience to disturbance), and greater capacity for carbon storage.

Click here to read more

"Forester for the Birds" in Massachusetts

The DCR Bird Habitat Assessment Program, in partnership with MassAudubon, provides funding assistance to landowners to work with a consulting forester or other qualified professional to evaluate existing and potential habitat for a selection of birds. Learn how to improve bird habitat on your property, and even see a story map of properties that have done the work!

Check here for more information 

Take a virtual visit to MA Forester-for-the-birds Properties

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Lectures and Webinars:

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Forest Ecology Working Group, National Conservation Training Center, and Migratory Bird Program have developed a 12-part monthly lecture series to address the 50-year decline of 3 billion birds through partnerships, conservation science and forest management. The series tells a compelling story about forest bird population declines, partnership opportunities, and forest management actions that can support bird population recovery and sustainability

This 5-part focused lecture series introduces the fundamental principles of forest habitat management. The series is taught by Brenda McComb, emeritus professor at Oregon State University.

This webinar series was developed by the Forest Ecology Working Group to increase the understanding and integration of forest ecology, applied science and habitat management principles across all levels, programs, and regions of the USFWS, and with our partners.

"Habitat Management for Wildlife" in CT

Learn about the various initiatives in Connecticut to manage the woods for improvement of wildlife habitat.

Click here to read more

Brush Piles for Wildlife

This CT publication applies to any woodland owner throughout Southern New England who's interested in supporting and promoting wildlife populations in their woodlot. Brush piles are valuable habitat features for songbirds, small mammals, reptiles, and amphibians when natural cover is limited. They provide a great use for woody materials acquired through a timber harvest or from storm damage. 

Learn more here

Managing Forests for Trees and Birds in Connecticut

A guide to habitat assessments and silvicultural practices developed by Audubon Connecticut.

Download the PDF

Other Valuable Wildlife Resources:

Pollinator Pathway Northeast

MassWildlife

Mass Audubon

CT DEEP Wildlife

CT Audubon Society

Audubon Connecticut

Rhode Island Fish & Wildlife

Audubon Society of Rhode Island

Forestry for the Birds

Ruffed Grouse Society, American Woodcock Society

National Wild Turkey Federation

The Young Forest Initiative

 
 
Clean Air and Water
U.S. Forest Service Forests to Faucets Assessment

Learn about the value of forests for water quality, explore important watersheds, and learn about restoring, protecting, and managing forests with water quality in mind.

Visit the website

Healthy Forests for Clean Water

This short publication by the North Carolina Forest Service contains great information about drinking water, the value of forests for water quality, and best management practices for water quality, and a list of things you can do to help improve water quality through forestry. 

View the publication

Streamside Forests

This short publication by the Stroud Water Research Center describes the connection healthy between stream habitats and good drinking water, as well as the value of forests and trees for water quality. 

View the publication

Forest Harvesting Best Practices for Water Quality

Managed forests are key for water quality protection, and in turn, there are some best practices for forest harvesting that should be taken to protect water quality during a harvest.

Read the Connecticut DEEP Best Management Practices for Water Quality While Harvesting Forest Products

 
Carbon and Climate Change

Climate Change Resource Center

The Climate Change Resource Center (CCRC) is a web-based, national platform that connects land managers and decision makers with useable science to address climate change in natural resources planning and management. The CCRC provides information about climate change impacts on forests and other ecosystems, and approaches to adaptation and mitigation in forests and grasslands. The website compiles and creates educational resources, climate change and carbon tools, video presentations, literature, and briefings on management-relevant topics, ranging from basic climate change information to details on specific management responses. The CCRC is a joint effort of Forest Service Research and Development and the Office of Sustainability and Climate.

Visit the Website

The American Carbon Registry: an updated method (As of summer, 2022)

The ACR is a leading broker for carbon offset programs, and they've published a methodology for Improved Forest Management (IFM) on Non-Federal U.S. Forestlands to strengthen rigor and clarity, and further ensuring the methodology delivers real climate benefits, both now and over the long-term. 
Read about ACR's mission HERE

Check out the methodology HERE
ACR’s IFM methodology v2.0 combines more than 12 years of practical project implementation experience with the latest in carbon market innovation. It is based on forest economics and rooted in science, verifiability, and transparency. Key updates of the ACR IFM methodology include additional safeguards; increased reporting requirements; further specificity in project accounting, modeling, and verification; and specific accounting of IFM “removals” credits.

Forest Carbon: An Essential Solution for Climate Change

Paul Catanzaro and Tony D'Amato, two forestry scientists from New England, present a broad and thorough understanding of the carbon dynamics of the forest ecosystem.

Download the PDF

Securing Northeast Forest Carbon: Program and webinar series

A collaboration between northeast states to conserve carbon in privately-owned forested land. Includes 4 informative webinars about 1) Forest Carbon Science, 2) Forest Management and Carbon, 3) Carbon Markets, and 4) Forest Carbon Projects

See the website HERE ​

Healthy Forests for our Future: A Management Guide to Increase Carbon in Northeast Forests

From the Nature Conservancy and The Northern Institute for Applied Climate Science

Download the PDF

Identifying trade-offs and opportunities for forest carbon and wildlife using a climate change adaptation lens

Caitlin Littlefield and Tony D'Amato, review trade-offs and explore case studies from the northeast.

See the publication here

Forest Carbon | USFS

The USDA Forest Service is a leader in developing tools for carbon assessment, management, and forest carbon cycle science. Developed by the Climate Change Resource Center, their Carbon website provides a carbon infographic, and an overview of the carbon cycle, carbon measurement scales, equivalencies and carbon management activities. 

Visit the USFS Carbon Website

The "Adaptive Silviculture for Climate Change" Network

The Adaptive Silviculture for Climate Change (ASCC) network is led by Colorado State University and the Northern Institute for Applied Climate Science (NIACS). ASCC is a collaborative effort to establish a series of experimental silvicultural trials across a network of forest types throughout the United States and Canada. Site-specific treatments are co-developed among local scientists and natural resource professionals according to local conditions and tailored to meet site-specific management objectives, while at the same time aligned under a common framework for answering questions about how different forest types will respond to management and the future climate.

Learn about adaptive silviculture on their website adaptivesilviculture.org

Check out this article about the ASCC installation at "Second College Grant" Forest in New Hampshire

 
NIACS: Climate Change Response Network

Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science (NIACS), is a collaborative effort among the US Forest Service, universities, conservation organizations, and the forest industry to provide information on managing forests for climate change adaptation and enhanced carbon sequestration.

NIACS' Climate Change Response Framework  presents examples of forestry practices with climate change and carbon in mind. Examples are:

NIACS' Adaptation Workbook is an online tool to help forest managers come up with a climate responsive plan for a forested site.

The latest IPCC Report 

The IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) is the United Nations body for assessing the science related to climate change. The latest report - the 6th Assessment Report - written in 2022, is accessible through the website. Explore it to find summaries and full reports by the three working groups, as well as special reports like this one: Climate Change and the Land. 

 

Of special interests for forests is the report of Working group 3 on Climate Change Mitigation. This report provides an updated global assessment of climate change mitigation progress and pledges, and examines the sources of global emissions. It explains developments in emission reduction and mitigation efforts, assessing the impact of national climate pledges in relation to long-term emissions goals.

The World Resources Institute wrote a helpful article highlighting forests in the IPCC report. It discusses forests as carbon sinks, how climate is affecting forests, and solutions including the support of indigenous peoples to steward and manage their forest resources. 

Read the WRI blog post

 
Climate Change Atlas

Learn how climate change is expected to effect the habitats of trees and birds in these US Forest Service publications

Visit the Climate Change Atlas

 
Forest Adaptation Webinar Series

Presented by the Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science & The Forest Stewards Guild, 2020.

Watch the webinar recordings here

The right trees for the right time:
4 webinars focused on forest resiliency amid climate change

New approaches to forest management that can help maximize ecosystem resiliency in changing climate conditions will be the focus of four talks being offered in conjunction with a recently announced project in the Hoffman Evergreen Preserve in Stonington. Sponsored by the Avalonia Land ConservancyConnecticut Sea Grant and UConn CLEAR (Center for Land Use Education & Research), these 4 talks will provide the chance to learn from experts about climate change effects on northeastern forests and strategies to enhance their ability to adapt.

  • March 10: “History of New England Forests and Climate Change"

  • April 14: “Carbon Sequestration 101” 

  • May 12: “Experimenting with Climate-Adaptive Forestry Practices: Challenges and Opportunities”

  • June 9: “Brave New Worlds for Trees: Assisted Migration and the Study of the Hoffman Preserve”

Registration is free and will be available individually for each webinar.

To learn more and to register, visit: UCONN CLEAR webinars

https://www.northeastforestcarbon.org/forest-carbon-management-additional-resources/

https://portal.ct.gov/DEEP/Forestry/Forest-Health-and-Climate-Change

More Information about Forests, Carbon, and Climate Change

 

Forest Products and the Economy

New England Forestry Foundation's Build It With Wood initiative

New England Forestry Foundation’s Build It With Wood initiative works to increase the amount of engineered timber products used in new buildings, to support sustainable forestry in New England, decrease the carbon footprint and energy consumption of new buildings, and help store carbon in long-lasting wood products.

Visit their website!

 

Forest Products Industry Reports

Wood for Good is the UK timber industry’s wood promotion campaign. With a broad collection of case studies, courses and informative articles, they describe the many benefits of building with wood from human health and wellness to positive impacts on carbon and the climate.

Visit their website!

Forest Products Industry Reports

Northeast-Midwest Region Economic Analysis reports

Witch Hazel

Connecticut is the top producer of this yellow-flowered, widely used, skin care ingredient. Learn about its history, use, and how it's harvested from naturally growing clumps in CT forests!  CT Magazine article.

Forest Recreation

Connecticut Blue-blaze Hiking Trails

Learn about this Connecticut trail system.

Check out the interactive map!

New England Trail

The New England Trail is a 215-mile long-distance hiking trail from Long Island Sound in CT to the MA/NH border.

Visit their website!

 

Resources for Landowners

CT's Master Woodland Manager Program

Do you own or manage woodlands of any size? Join this year-long class to gain woodland management knowledge to benefit your family, wildlife, and the environment.

For more information and to apply, contact Beth Bernard:  bbernard@ctwoodlands.org

Or visit ctwoodlands.org

Forest Stewards Guild

The Forest Stewards Guild practices and promotes responsible forestry as a means of sustaining the integrity of forest ecosystems and the human communities dependent upon them. This is a membership organization that engages in education, training, policy analysis, research, and advocacy to foster stewardship, support practicing foresters and allied professionals, and engage a broader community. Landowners can participate in their workshops and educational events, engage in sponsored trainings, search for forestry-related events, and even use the website as a tool to find a forester. A great resource for landowners and professionals alike!

Visit their website!

The USFS Natural Resource Conservation Service's (NRCS) Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP)

NRCS EQIP provides financial and technical assistance to agricultural producers to address natural resource concerns and deliver environmental benefits such a as improved water and air quality, conserved ground and surface water, increased soil health and reduce erosion, and improved or created wildlife habitat, and mitigation against drought and increasing weather volatility. 

Visit this website to learn more about NRCS EQIP

Review the program fact sheet below

Ever Thought of Selling Timber?

This CT publication applies to woodland owners in Southern New England who are interested in learning more about the process of forest management. It reviews that how and why of timber sales, and can function as a guide for private forest landowners to protect their investment and care for their forest. 

Download the publication here

Southern New England Stumpage Price Report

Wondering if it's a good time to sell timber? View price reports of standing timber by species purchased each quarter from 1994 to present day. From these reports you can gain insights on market trends and make a more informed decision on when to sell your timber. 

Access stumpage reports here

Women Owning Woodlands

The Women Owning Woodlands web project strives to bring topical, accessible, and current forestry information to woodland owners and forest practitioners through news articles, blogs, events, resources, and personal stories. We support women in forest leadership, women who manage their own woodlands, and all who facilitate the stewardship of forests.

Visit the Northeast region's website

Woodland Connections for Women

Woodland Connections for Women aims to build a network of female landowners in Massachusetts and provide opportunities for education and connection. We host events throughout the year and encourage women to foster relationships with each other and their land. 

Visit the website here

 
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Resources for Educators

Project Learning Tree

This project is a collection of trainings, curriculums, and lessons designed to help educators help students better understand our forested environment and conservation action. The project aims to help students learn how to think about complex environmental issues (not what to think). In addition to educational materials, their professional development and networking aspects are of high quality and used by thousands of educators. Check them out!

https://www.plt.org/

The Envirothon

The Envirothon is a leading natural resource education program for high school students, emphasizing hands-on, team-oriented problem solving that prepares young people for environmental careers and active citizenship. The program combines in-class and hands-on training in five core areas: aquatic ecology, forestry, wildlife, soils and land use. Additionally, each team prepares an oral presentation on a special Environmental Issue, which changes annually.

The Envirothon is active in 45 US states and most Canadian provinces. Each state holds its own annual competition. The winners of these state and provincial contests compete in the NCF-Envirothon a program of the National Conservation Foundation which is held each summer and lasts for five days.

Envirothon Websites for the southern New England states:

 

Resources for Forestry Professionals

Oak Resiliency Assessment Tool

This project, initiated by the Forest Stewards Guild and developed with the help of many southern New England collaborators, aims to help land managers assess oak health in the field, use best practices in oak management to ensure long-term health, and communicate effectively about oak issues with landowners and others.

Try out the tool here!

Yankee Division Position Statement

The Yankee Division of the Society of American Foresters articulated their position on the importance of forest management for protecting our ecosystems and mitigating climate change. This document contains a wealth of scientific support for this position. It is intended to guide forest policy and decision-making as we navigate our changing environment. 

Download the Position Statement 

USFS Rooted in Research

The USDA Forest Service is delivering the latest science to support natural resource management and sustainability. Rooted in Research is the Northern Research Station's science delivery platform, with events and products tailored to natural resource professionals, partners, collaborators, and engaged citizens throughout the Northeast and Midwest. Join the monthly webinar series, taking place the first Wednesday of each month from 12:30-1:30PM. 

Access past webinar presentations and view upcoming webinars here. 

Women's Forest Congress

The Women’s Forest Congress is a forum to develop strategies and solutions for forests through a female lens. Women throughout the forest space have come together to share personal and professional experiences, connect with other women in the sector, shape the latest innovations, and consider how actions informed by the female perspective can make a profound impact on the future of forests.

Visit the website

 

Forestry Fact Sheets

CT DEEP: Why Manage Forests?

These publications by CT DEEP describe the importance of good forest management for a variety of objectives including:

  • forest health an diversity

  • water resource protection

  • wildlife habitat

  • research and education

  • sustainable recreation

  • and forest products

Download "Why We Manage Connecticut State Forests"

Download the 4-page Brochure

Download the 2-page Fact Sheet​

CT Young Forest Initiative 

Interested in creating habitat for the 50+ wildlife species of greatest conservation need in CT? Learn more about how the Young Forest Initiative can support your efforts. 

Download the Fact Sheet​

National Forest Inventory Analysis (FIA) One-Click State Fact Sheets

The USDA Forest Service FIA program supplies annual updates that provide an overview of forest resources in each state based on their conducted inventories. 

Select your State of Interest and Download its Fact Sheet

Natural Resource Conservation Service Environmental Quality Incentives Program

Learn more about how this cost-reimbursement program can help you meet your management goals. 

Download the Fact Sheet​

 
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